Islamabad Institute of Dental Education & Allied Sciences (IIDEAS)

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Basic Sciences

At Islamabad Medical & Dental College, the curriculum is designed around the objective of teaching not just factual information, but also its application. It incorporates a breadth of knowledge encompassing various areas, while ensuring the student is not unnecessarily overburdened. The curriculum strictly follows the guidelines provided by the Higher Education Commission and Pakistan Medical & Dental Council. It integrates all related sciences to promote complete understanding of the subject matter, and later on its practical application towards the solution of real-life problems.

Anatomy: Department of Anatomy is headed by Prof. M. Aziz. Students are taught Gross Anatomy in the dissection hall. Embryology and Histology is taught in lectures, tutorial sessions supplemented by practical laboratory aid. Special attention is paid to the applied aspects of the subject, as well.

Modern teaching techniques like multimedia, internet, CDs and models are used along with conventional methods of teaching. Recently there is resurgence of interest in anatomy by the advent of latest radiological modalities like Ultrasound, Computerized Scanning, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Isotope Scanning and Position Emission Tomography.

Physiology: Department of Physiology is headed by Prof. Abdul Majid. In Physiology, students will be taught about the general principles of functions of human body with special emphasis on clinical and practical applications. A comprehensive knowledge pf the normal function of the hyman body is essential for a doctor. Physiology introduces to the sutdents how the different cells, tissues and organs of the human body work together to maintain life. Lectures by senior, experienced faculty, tutorials, small group discussions with modern laboratory equipment will facilitate students in grasping the basic concepts.

Biochemistry: Department of Biochemistry is headed by Prof. Sajid Raza. It is a vital subject of basic medical sciences covering necessary topics regarding chemistry of life and any consequences in case of mutation or deficiency. Students are taught the chemical processes taking place in living organisms. Structure, function and metabolism of cellular components such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and other biomolecules is studied. Biochemistry has its scope from system to molecular level, as there can be no defined line between biochemistry and molecular genetics. Structure and function of genes is taught to gain knowledge of disease and its effects that include clinical genetics and techniques for gene therapy.

Sciences of Dental Materials: The science of dental materials involves a study of the composition and properties of materials and the way in which they interact with the environment in which they are placed. The success or failure of many forms of dental treatment depends upon the correct selection of materials possessing adequate properties, combined with careful manipulation. A dental graduate is expected to understand selection, handling, and manipulation of dental materials. The Department of Science of Dental Materials provides education through lab and clinical demonstrations to the undergraduate students.

Pathology: Department of Pathology is headed by Prof. Saeed Alam, the backbone of medicine, It helps in bridging the gap between basic sciences and clinical sciences. The Pathology department at IMDC has a strong and vibrant faculty which carries forward the mission of the college with complete dedication in all disciplines i.e. Microbiology, Histopathology, Haematology, Systemic Pathology, Parasitology and Chemical Pathology.

Practical training is carried out at departmental and affiliated hospital laboratories, training facilities included multihead microscope with CCTV and sufficient number of binocular microscopes are available for student use. Pathology museum with a good number of surgical pathology specimens and histopathology slides covering various systems of the body are available.

Pharmacology: Department of Pharmacology is headed by Prof. Iffat Ara. Pharmacology is taught in 2nd year BDS. Both the basic & clinical aspects of the knowledge of drugs/medicines are covered. The objective is to enable the medical graduates to prescribe drugs rationally to their patients for cure or primary therapy, suppression of symptoms, prevention & diagnosis of the disease. Moreover, they should be able to monitor drug therapy, detect and manage adverse reactions, over-dosage and poisoning of drugs.

To achieve the above objectives, a highly qualified and experienced faculty caries out the teaching schedules. The students are familiarized with different dosage forms of drugs along with their routes of administration & calculations of doses. Experiments are designed in which students demonstrate the effects of selected drugs on suitable animals / tissues in a well equipped laboratory. The observations are correlated with their clinical uses.

Community & Preventive Dentistry: The Department of Community Dentistry is responsible for undertaking measures to prevent dental diseases by proper and timely planning and implementation of preventive measures, with dental health care of the poor and underprivileged masses being an important responsibility. The department promotes oral health education through organized community efforts. The department also carries out school programs as part of dental public health

Oral Biology: The department of Oral Biologyis concerned with the nature of the oral and craniofacial tissues and with the application of basic scientific knowledge to oral tissues in health and disease. By its nature, oral biology overlaps the basic medical sciences and clinical dental sciences. Tooth morphology is part of oral biology which involves the teaching of shape and morphological aspects of each tooth individually. The students with good understanding of oral biology are able to provide best clinical service to the patients.

Oral Pathology: Oral Pathology is the branch of dentistry concerned with the scientific study of the causes and effects of oral disease. Understanding of oral pathology is essential for diagonosis and for the development of rational treatment and preventive programs.

One of the most important purposes of oral pathology is to give the student the ability to correctly diagnose oral lesion and develop differential diagnosis.

Oral Pathology is taught in 3rd year of undergraduate curriculum. A dental professional must possess a good understanding of causative factors, disease processes, clinical presentation, microscopic features, and diagnosis of oral and paraoral diseases.

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